The desire to have clean, clear, and fresh skin might have you searching for skin-care products to improve the appearance of your skin. You may be wondering how to start a skin routine. Don’t fret — help is here.
The search for the perfect skincare routine requires a lot of trial and error, and you’ve got to know your skin type to make the right choices. Once you know the proper products and habits that work for you, you’ll likely begin noticing positive changes for your skin, your complexion, and your confidence.
Starting A New Skin Care Routine: Know Your Skin Type
One of the most basic and fundamental components to starting a new skincare routine is knowing your skin type. Once you determine your skin type, you can choose the correct products for your new skincare regimen.
Here’s a trick to help you figure this out. Start by washing your face. Then, don’t apply any products. Wait 30 minutes to an hour. At this point, you might notice certain tell-tale characteristics that will help you figure out your skin type, like dryness or oiliness.1
There are four common skin types:
Normal Skin — A well-balanced type of skin. This type of skin is generally considered to be healthy, and it’s a mix of slightly dry or oily skin.
Dry Skin — This type of skin produces less sebum, or oil, than that of other skin types. This can cause your skin to feel tight or to be flaky.
Oily Skin — This type of skin produces more sebum, or oil, than other skin types. Oily skin may be more breakout-prone because of clogged pores.
Combination Skin — This type of skin is a mix of the other types. Skin may be oily/dry depending on external factors like weather or diet.2
After figuring out your skin type, you can then choose the correct products to use in your skincare routine.
Choose The Right Cleanser And Moisturizer
Those with dry and/or sensitive skin may have many skin concerns when trying new products. Some products, for example, are made to specifically target dry and/or sensitive skin. Others are designed to help oily skin. The good news is, with so many cleansers and moisturizers out there, you’ve got a lot of options to try to find the right one.
If you need help choosing the right cleanser and moisturizer for you, consult a dermatologist.
Cleansing To Get Rid Of Dirt And Makeup
Washing your face with a facial cleanser both morning and night is important to cleanse your pores of dirt and debris. Some gentle cleansers may contain hyaluronic acid, a compound that promotes moisture and hydration.3 These cleansers may be beneficial if you have sensitive skin.
On the other hand, cleansing with a foaming cleanser that contains benzoyl peroxide, a breakout-reducing ingredient, can help kill bad bacteria within your skin.4
Cleansing your face during your morning skin care routine and nightly skin routine is one of the most important steps in achieving better skin. Don’t skip this step.
Moisturizing To Keep Skin Hydrated
Moisturizing is one of the most important steps within a skincare regimen. Moisturizers help protect your skin from losing much-needed hydration. Using moisturizers may help ease tightness and flakiness that are hallmarks of dry skin.
Regular moisturizing is a crucial step for everyone no matter the skin type. Even if you have oily skin, you should not skip moisturizer. Keeping your skin hydrated can actually help to balance out the oil levels.
Moisturizers containing hyaluronic acid can be extremely hydrating and can help benefit almost every skin type.5
Other Products Matter: Serum, Cream, And Makeup For Your Skin Needs
Other Skincare Regimen Steps: Exfoliating And Toning
You may want to exfoliate to get rid of dead skin cells and help clear out clogged pores. Physical exfoliating should always be done gently and occasionally, to help prevent skin damage. You may also use chemical peels, which contain alpha-hydroxy acids, to loosen up and remove dead skin.6 Chemical peels may also be helpful in smoothing out skin and clearing pores.
In addition, wiping your face with a cotton pad soaked in a toner might also be beneficial. Toner is an important step to remove any makeup, oil or dirt that is leftover after cleansing.
Toner also works to balance the pH levels in your skin. Witch hazel is a popular toner due to its antioxidant properties, and ability to help remove dead skin cells and dirt.7
Toners that contain glycolic acid or salicylic acid may help reduce the appearance of dark spots, even out skin tone, and brighten up dull skin.8 Toners also prepare the skin for serum or moisturizer.
Using A Serum Or Cream To Boost Moisture And Target Specific Issues
Serums and creams are products that target specific issues with the use of active ingredients. They’re often used in anti-aging products. A good serum or cream can help fight free radicals, damaging molecules that come from pollution, light, and other external factors.9
Using a cream with retinol may help reduce the appearance of wrinkles, fine lines, and dark spots.10 Green tea skin care products may help protect your skin from UV rays and other environmental/chemical stresses.11
While these steps may not be necessary for skin health, they are helpful in creating a youthful and glowing complexion.
Using The Correct Make-Up And Removing It Properly
You want to choose makeup that won’t clog your pores. More importantly, you must remove your makeup properly with a water or oil-based makeup remover to get every bit off.
Wearing less makeup, or wearing it less often, may benefit your overall skin complexion. In addition, chemical sunscreens meant to protect you from UV rays may cause buildup that must be removed to reduce clogged pores. This makes daily cleansing even more of a must.12
Know When To See A Dermatologist
If you’re having trouble with your complexion, it may be time to see a dermatologist. Consider this if:
The appearance or health of your skin isn’t improving even though you’re following a good skin care routine.13
You need help finding the right products based on your skin type.
While there are a lot of products available for all skin types, don’t be overwhelmed. Following a regular skincare regimen can help you get the clear skin and glowing complexion you want.
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